What Is Organic Cotton
Organic cotton crop does not use harmful chemicals like synthetic fertilizers or pesticides. As a result, it doesn’t poison the water, soil or air, and is even beneficial to the environment, as it doesn’t disrupt the natural habitats for beneficial wildlife and insects.
The production of organic cotton begins at seed stage, where many non-organic cotton seeds are prepared with insecticides and pesticides, organic cotton is grown using natural cotton seeds.
Farmers don’t have to buy GM seeds that are overpriced and sometimes a crippling cost for the already low-earning farmer.
Insecticides and pesticides:
Conventional cotton requires intense spraying of insecticides and pesticides, of which many are known to contain dangerous cancer-causing agents.
In organic cotton farming, more natural methods like natural insects and trap crops are used. Cotton workers on organic cotton farms are spared from health problems caused by chemicals.
Organic cotton uses less water to produce, due to crop rotation and better soil.
Non-organic cotton is produced using mono-crop methods and requires intense irrigation.
It takes in average 20.000 litres of water to manufacture just 1 t-shirt and 1 pair of jeans !
Dyes and inks:
Organic cotton uses low-impact or natural dyes and inks with low metal and sulfur content, rather than toxic dyes with heavy metals and petroleum based inks, which spills into and pollutes our waterways.
According to the World Bank, 20% of water pollution globally is caused by textile processing.
The initial cost of producing organic cotton is much higher than producing conventional cotton but the human and environmental cost is dramatically lower.
So is it worth it ? Yes, it is !